The Cave Temples of Mahabalipuram are located on the hillock of Mahabalipuram town, overlooking the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal in Kancheepuram District in Tamil Nadu, India. There are many rock-cut monuments in Mahabalipuram.
KRISHNA CAVE TEMPLE
The Krishna Cave Temple is dated to mid-7th century. Its excavated entry is seen with columns leading to a hall. A notable carving in side the cave is a sculpted panel which brings out the myth of Krishna lifting the Govaradhan hill to protect the cow herds and gopis (milk maids) from heavy rains and floods, and also scenes of Krishna frolicking with the milk maids.
MAHISHASURAMARDINI CAVE TEMPLE
The Mahishasuramardini Cave Temple is close to the lighthouse on the top of the hill. It has two very beautifully carved frescoes of Durga, the mother goddess at both ends of the long hall of the cave. She is shown seated on lion her mount or vehicle with all her weapons.
THE VARAHA CAVE TEMPLE
The Varaha Cave Temple (also known as Adivaraha) is dated to the 7th century. The most prominent sculpture is that of Vishnu in the incarnation form of a boar lifting mother earth from the sea. Also carved are many mythical figures. In the entry porch carved on the rock face the columns are carved on lion bases.
KOTIKAL CAVE TEMPLE
The Kotikal Cave Temple is dedicated to goddess Durga. Its entrance faces west and is in continuation of the Dharmaraja Mandapa. The rock cut faade has two supporting pillars and two pilasters in Mahendravarman style of architecture with an octagonal shaft built over a cubical base.
TIGER CAVE TEMPLE
The Tiger Cave Temple (also known as Yali) is dated to the early 8th century. It is a shallow cave but is unusual and unique when compared to the other caves here. The entrance to the cave faces south-east. It is close to the Atiranachanda Mandapa and located at Saluvankuppam village, 4 kilometres(2.5 mi) to the north of Mamallapuram.
ATIRANACHANDA CAVE TEMPLE
The Atiranachanda Cave Temple is east facing. It is situated at Saluvankuppam village, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) away on the Mahabalipuram Chennai road. Its layout is 28 feet (8.5 m)t in length and 6 feet (1.8 m) in width on plan, with a height of 6.5 feet (2.0 m). The faade carved on the rock face has two pillars and two pilasters, typical of Mahendravarman style.
The Shore Temple (built in 700728 AD) is so named because it overlooks the shore of the Bay of Bengal. It is a structural temple, built with blocks of granite, dating from the 8th century AD. It was built on a promontory sticking out into the Bay of Bengal at Mahabalipuram, a village south of Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. It is one of the oldest structural (versus rock-cut) stone temples of South India.